DMZ ( 2nd Tunnel )
The second tunnel was discovered on march 19, 1975, in the middle front line portion of the DMZ, north of Chorwon. It was Discovered just 4 months after Tunnel 1 was discovered , however , everyone was shocked that this tunnel was twice as big as the first tunnel. Tunnel 2, which is located 13km north of Chorwon, is approximately 50-160m underground and runs through the granite bedrock layer, compressors and explosive charges were used in creating this tunnel which was constructed in an arch-like shape.
Located along the tunnel route are open gathering areas where the soldiers and workers would be brought together this made Tunnel 2 the largest tunnel in the world at that time. Tunnel 2 also was built with 3 exits. Tunnel 2 is 2,496m long, 2m high and 2m wide and could accommodate up to 30,000 troops with cars, field artillery, and tanks every hour.
This would allow North Korea to carry on both conventional warfare and underground-based guerilla warfare at the same time.
Tunnel 2’s location is a tactical point at the beginning of the invasion route running through Pochon to Seoul, similar to the route used in the Korean War. After the discovery of Tunnel 2 North Korea insisted it was a natural cave and had even used coal markings to camouflage the walls of the tunnel to appear natural, but this story was proven wrong by the disclosure of evidence by Kim, Bu-sung, a North Korean defector who had worked in the tunnel as a surveyor in January of 1972 and as a compressor operator in September of 1972.
Even without his evidence there are many other things to prove the tunnel was constructed by North Korea, such as the downward slope towards South Korea to help the flow of water and explosive charges used to break up the rock. Kim, Bu-sung was also first to indicate that another tunnel of the same size as Tunnel 2 was being built. The northern entrance to the tunnel is located approximately 5-6m behind a North Korean Guard Post within the northern section of the DMZ. Kim also believed that 5 exits on the south side of the DMZ were constructed with 1-2 of the exits to be used during normal times and all being used in the case of an emergency. He also disclosed that many other tunnels were being built along the 155 mile long DMZ. During the discover 7 South Korean soldiers were killde by North Korean booby traps.
8km ne of
13km N OF
4km S of Panmunjom
26km NE of
Points of view of 2nd Tunnel Tour
Iron Triangle Battlefield Tourism
The main facility for introducing the guided Cheorwon Security Tour is located by Goseojeog. The hall is responsible for preserving the history of national security and historical places. It is a 2 story building with 1 basement.
2 Tunnel tour begins
The 2nd Tunnel
After you arrive at the entrance to the 2nd tunnel, ask the guide explanation. I wear a helmet to be paid and enter in line.
Cheorwon Peace Observatory
A small monorail of 50 people is installed and you can easily go up to the observation deck . You can also see the North Korean army with binoculars.
Cheorwon Peace Observatory offers a panoramic view of the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone separating North and South Korea) in the central forward area of Cheorwon-gun, Gangwon-do. From this observatory, one can see the Cheorwon plain, areas of the DMZ, and even North Korea. Photos of the 2nd Infiltration Tunnel, military barracks, checkpoints, and the DMZ are exhibited here. Visitors can easily get to the observatory using the 50-person monorail, see the remains of the ancient Taebongguk (nation), and even see the faces of North Korean soldiers through binoculars.
Woljeong-ri Station (Iron Triangle Battlefield) is the last stop before reaching the DMZ. With the sign "The iron horse wants to run again," there stand remains of a train that was used to make frequent trips to North Korea. Located at the spot where the fiercest battle was held during the Korean War, this train marks the partition line of the Korean peninsula. These days Woljeong-ri Station is under the control of the Cheorwon-gun Office and hundreds of thousands of people visit this unique tourist area every year.
Cheorwon Korean Workers' Party Headquarters
This three-story building located in Cheorwon-eup was constructed in 1946. Used as the headquarters of the Labor Party until the break of the Korean War on June 25, it is now a tourist attraction that still the hold on to the vestiges of the Korean War. Cheorwon Korean Workers' Party Headquarters is under the control of Cheorwon-gun Office as part of the Security Sightseeing Course. Every year hundreds of thousands of people visit this tourist destination.
Six kinds of side dishes line up with borkogi (boiled beef). Drinks can be ordered separately, but you can not order alcohol because drinking during the tour is prohibited.
Vegetarian guest comes out bibimbap